Artisanal and small-scale mining is an important livelihood activity for millions of people in the developing world with as many as 90% of the global mining workforce artisanal and small scale miners. The International Conference on Artisanal and Small-scale Mining & Quarrying is a rare opportunity to foster global dialogue about the development opportunities and challenges of this critical sector. A wide spectrum of commodities will be discussed ranging from the well-known, such as gold, diamonds, tin, tungsten, tantalum, and coloured stones, to those that have yet to receive significant attention, such as Development Minerals like, sand, gravel, and clay.